4 Different Types of Razors (and How to Pick One)

by Garrick Dee | Last Updated:
An honest disclosure: Just an F.Y.I., there are maybe be affiliate links in this post. And if you click any of those affiliate links, I’ll earn a commission (A.K.A. money). However, you won’t be charged any more money for this to happen, so it’s a win-win for both of us!

So you’re ready to buy a razor but don’t know what to get.

There are many types of razors out there. Add to that the different technical mumbo jumbo like the five-blade, double-edged, safety razor, hone, strop, or straight razor.

4 Different Types of Razors

If you’re new to this, it’s easy to get lost in that sea of information.

I’m here to help you out with a detailed guide of how each one performs, pros and cons, and whether it is the right product for you.

Remember that each of us has different preferences, time constraints, skin types, and facial features. What works for you may not work for me and vice versa. That’s the beauty of humanity, each of us is different in our own way.

Overall there are four main types of shaving razors. Let’s go through them one by one.

Straight Razor

If you wanted to shave like your great, great, great grandfather, this is the only option.

Dovo Straight Razor

In a way, this is the pinnacle of the shaving totem pole, people who use straight razors are connoisseurs who want only the best shave and want to do it by themselves.

Most straight razors have two parts, a metal blade and a handle that doubles as storage for the blade.

Parts of a straight razor…

A brief history

Centuries ago, if you wanted to get a decent shave, this was the only choice. This was the way men from that era shaved. If you wanted a clean shave, you’d have to learn how to use this baby, or you’ll shred your face and neck with one wrong stroke.

To be more specific, the straight razor or cut-throat razor as it was popularly known was born during the late 1600s, and it didn’t look anything like the precision-engineered razors we have right now. It looked more like a small hatchet without any branding whatsoever.

Since then, it has evolved to the wonderfully sculpted pieces of shaving masterpieces we have right now.

The why

This is razor will give you the closest shave possible because you have full control over the angle of the blade since it is fully exposed. Even compared to the best DE razors and the sharpest blades, nothing compares to the closeness of shaving with a straight razor.

Since there are no blades to replace, a straight razor will basically be with you for life.

Also, shaving with a straight razor will give you a facial that women can only dream about. Imagine prepping your face with a hot towel, lathering your beard with shaving cream then shaving. This experience is relaxing, and at the same time, with the shaving cream scent lingering, it will leave you feeling manly afterward.

Potential issues

It does take time to fully master the technique of shaving with this. And along with that a lot of nicks and cuts, there is no way around it.



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There’s also the maintenance involved. You still have to spend time honing and stropping the blade to keep it sharp, this also takes time and skill to master.

What the heck are a hone and strop?

A hone is basically a stone where you rub the blade against to sharpen it.

A strop is a leather strap hung from a hook on the wall or sink that smooths and takes out the rough edges on a blade.

Remember that a razor taken from a hone shouldn’t be used on the face, it needs to be stropped first.

Buying a good brand is an investment, usually ranging from a few hundred bucks to a thousand dollars. Though there are cheap ones available in the market, they may not shave as well.

Your best bet would be to visit a local store that sells them and choose one that will feel “right” in your hands.

Lastly, it takes a lot of time to shave.

It takes about thirty minutes to an hour, from prep to shaving, depending on the skill level.

Remember, you’re working with an open blade on your face and neck. The last thing you want to do is rush.

The Shavette

This is a variety of a straight razor that uses disposable blades. If you don’t like stropping and honing the edge, this is a viable option. If the blade gets dull, just pop in a new one, and off you go.

A lot of barbershops use this because of sanitary reasons.

Bottom line: This razor will give you a butt-smooth shave every time, once you’ve mastered the skill. If you’re serious about this hobby and willing to put in the time to learn the right technique. This is a worthwhile investment. Expect cuts and nicks as you learn, though. Remember that it takes a lot of time to maintain these razors.

Safety Razors

Mekur Safety Razor

If the straight razor was the tool that your great, great, great grandfathers used, the safety razor was the tool of choice of your grandpa.

A brief history

The first safety razor is often credited to Frenchman Jean-Jacques Perret. Still, it didn’t take off in terms of popularity until King Camp Gillette patented the disposable safety razor in 1901.

It did well as an independent company for 101 years before Procter & Gamble purchased it in 2005.

Funny thing is Gillette has discontinued their safety razor production and has focused its efforts on the lucrative cartridge razor product line.

Different variants

Safety razors are made from different materials. Budget options are either made from plastic or lightweight metal, while higher quality variants are made from varying types of metal – stainless, chrome, gold plated, etcetera.

Another differentiator is the number of moving parts included.

You have the one-piece design, the two-piece design, and the three-piece design.

There are actually 6 different types of DE razors, and I cover these in detail in this article.

Why is this a good option?

For most shaving buffs, this is the no-brainer choice. It provided the perfect compromise of time, safety, and learning curve. The jump from a cartridge razor to a safety razor isn’t as steep as it would be to a straight razor, so a lot of enthusiasts like this option.

Next is cost, safety razors don’t cost as much as their open bladed brothers. You can purchase a very decent DE Razor for as low as $30 and still have lots of options with the type of blade you can use.

Safety Razor Prices in Amazon

Also, the cost of the blade is another bonus. If you break it down per piece, a blade would only cost roughly ten to twenty cents while a replacement cartridge would go for a few bucks. Now do the math and see how cartridge razors will burn a hole in your pocket.

Potential issues

Despite having a shallower learning curve than a straight razor, if you use don’t use the correct technique like putting too much pressure or holding it at the wrong angle, you will cut yourself.

There’s also that risk of cutting yourself if you’re not careful handling the disposable blades.

The next downside is portability, to property store a DE razor and a shaving brush, you’ll need to buy a holder, and it will take up some space. Also, if you travel a lot, you may not be able to put the DE razor in your hand carry.

You’ll probably have to shave before the flight or after it, if not have a cartridge razor as back up.

Bottom line: This is a more cost-effective option than a cartridge razor because replacement blades are a heck lot cheaper ($0.10 to $.20 v.s. $2++) than a cartridge razor. It still requires a learning curve, but it isn’t as steep as a straight razor. If you’re getting razor burn from a Gillette, then it’s time to make the switch.

Cartridge razor

Cartridge Razor

I bet that most of you used a cartridge razor when you first shaved, and this is the most readily available – heck you can buy one in every grocery or gasoline station.

These razors are usually made from plastic, some from metal or a combination of both that hold a piece of the cartridge that housed two to five stainless steel blades. Some brands like the Dorco have six!

A brief history

In 1971, Gillette introduced the cartridge razor, and it has since grown exponentially into a multi-billion dollar industry worldwide with Gillette and Schick as the top players.

What makes this a good option?

Of all the razors featured here, this is the easiest to use. It is designed pretty much for the novice in mind. It has a fixed angle that forces you to hold it a way to minimize the chances of cutting yourself.

The more premium options have lube strips on top of the cartridge that provides lubrication on the skin. Of course, the lube strip will not provide enough lubrication and you’ll need to use shaving cream to increase the comfort level.

Since most of these are made from plastic, you don’t have to worry about a customs official asking you to check in your razor. It has excellent portability and any place shaving just in case you need it.

Some issues

Believe it or not, these things are freaking expensive. I’m not talking about the initial cost but the cost of cartridges. At around $2 to $5 a pop, add to that the need to replace the cartridge after every four to five uses, costs can quickly add up over time.

Cartridge Prices

$28 to $37 bucks for replacement cartridges. Almost the same price as a Merkur Safety Razor.

If you’re using cartridge razors, spend a few minutes reading this, it may change the way you think about disposable razors.

While using a cartridge razor minimizes the risk of cutting, the multi-bladed system (as much as 5) can cause a lot of irritation, razor burn, and ingrown hair.

Are more blades really more useful?

Manufacturers like Gillette say that their multi-blade design will give you a close shave in just a few passes.

The problem with this is that the blades will not only cut off hair but also the skin next to it, causing ingrown hair or razor bumps.

Having five blades raking at your face and neck area at the same time is the perfect recipe for a razor burn, especially those with sensitive skin.

You can minimize that by using shaving cream, but unfortunately, not a lot of men use it or use the wrong type (e.g., aerosol type spray gel types).

Lastly, since the blades are so close together, it clogs up after just a few strokes. It’s hard to clean the muck off because of the narrow space between the blades.

Whatever is stuck there pretty much will go back on your skin the next time you use it, nasty stuff like skin gunk and facial hair.

Bottom line: If you’re not hairy, don’t have time or don’t want to learn how to wet shave, this is the best option.

Electric Shaver

Electric Shaver

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Ask any enthusiast, and they will not recommend an electric shaver. But this product has a niche – men who don’t have the time to prep for a wet shave.

These men are probably agents or business people who travel a lot and would want something efficient in shaving excess stubble off their faces.

Different types of electric shavers

There are two main types of electric shavers, rotary and foil.

Types of Electric Shaver

Rotary shavers shave three to four shaving heads that chomp on facial hair.

Foil type razors have a floating head with cutters behind the protective metal grid that protect the skin from the oscillating blades behind it.

According to consumerreports.org, rotary shavers will provide the closest shave between the two, while foil type razors will be easier to clean and less noisy.

Some of these shavers come with a pop-out trimmer that can trim sideburns or the beard.

These are also available in corded and cordless variants.

There are also wet/dry electric shavers that you can use with shaving cream on the skin. Opt for this if you have sensitive skin because friction from the foils can cause irritation.

What makes this a good option?

These razors will save you time shaving because you don’t need to apply shaving cream. Just turn on the machine and shave. If you travel a lot and have a full beard, you need to continually trim, this is a good option for you.

It is lightweight and portable enough to bring with you wherever you go. Just make sure to get the cordless one when you travel.

Some issues

These razors don’t cut as close as a safety razor.

It’s great for men looking for a quick shave. But the process of doing so leaves the skin irritated because there is no lubrication or prep involved.

Also, the blades shred hair instead of slicing it, just look at this.

Hair Cut By Electric Shaver vs Razor

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Don’t expect a smooth shave from this machine. Men don’t know this and put more pressure and do more passes than necessary.

Since you can’t rinse off facial hair, oil or gunk picked up by the cutting heads, you’re mainly spreading it all over, clogging up the pores of your skin. Naturally, this irritates the skin.

Electric vs. Safety razor

Even with electric shavers that give you the option to use it with shaving cream, it won’t match the close shave even from a cartridge razor, and cleaning it can be a messy process.

Bottom line: This is the best option for busy businessmen who frequently fly and don’t have time to do a proper wet shave. It’s quick, efficient but doesn’t expect a close shave from this, and be careful not to do too many passes as this as it will cause irritation.

To wrap up

The best shaver, in my opinion, is the safety razor. It isn’t as expensive as a straight razor. The learning curve isn’t as steep. And it still provides a close shave if you’re patient enough to re-lather and do multiple passes.

Don’t worry about the higher upfront costs versus a cartridge razor. In the long run, a safety razor has lower operating costs because the blades are cheap.